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The Seven Types of Brain Injuries Most Commonly Associated With Negligence And Malpractice Lawsuits

There are many types of brain injuries; however, the injuries which are most commonly the focus of negligence lawsuits are the following:

1) A penetrating brain injury — a tearing of the brain from a skull fracture for example, or a gun shot wound. These injuries cause ruptures of large blood vessels with bleeding into the brain and the subarachnoid space. Penetrating brain injuries also allow bacteria to enter into the brain and can result in infections such as encphalitis and meningitis.

2) Contusion — a visible bruising of the brain due to trauma or blood leaking from blood vessels.

3) Hematoma – brain damage resulting from leaking blood collecting in a confined area of the skull. Hematoma can be subderal or epidural, or intracerebral.

4) Concussion — a mild blow that can cause shearing of brain cells at a level undetectable by CT scans or MRIs. Concussions are much in the news because soldiers in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as football players, often suffer from concussions. The military and sports medicine professionals have made great strides in diagnosing concussions as well as acknowledging the need for treatment of concussion injuries.

5) Anoxia/Hypoxia — brain cell death resulting from brain cells receiving no oxygen (anoxia), or not enough oxygen (hypoxia). The brain requires a constant flow of oxygen to function normally. A hypoxic/anoxic injury also known as HAI essentially starves the brain of the oxygen and prevents it from performing vital biomechanical processes. The diminished oxygen supply can cause serious impairments in cognitive skills, as well as in physical, psychological, and other functions. Anesthesia accidents and cardiovascular disease each account for just under 1/3 of cardiac arrests according to a 1999 study. The most frequent cause of hypoxicischemic injury is cardiac arrest.

6) Diffuse Axonal Injury — a shearing of cell connections due to rapid acceleration/deceleration motion of the brain during trauma. This often results in global damage. Diffused axonal injury is one of the most common and devastating types of traumatic brain injury. The damage occurs over a more widespread area than over a more focal injury. DAI which refers to extensive lesions in white matter tracts is one of the major causes of unconsciousness and persistent vegatative states after head trauma. It occurs in about half of all cases of severe head trauma and can also occur in moderate and mild brian injury. Vehicle accidents are the most frequent cause of DAI; it can also occur as the result of child abuse such as Shaken Baby Syndrome.

7) Coup-contrecoup Injuries — at least 2 injury sites from one blow caused by the brain bouncing back and forth against the skull is the definition of a coup-contrecoup injury. A coup injury occurs under the sight of impact with an object. A contrecoup injury occurs on the side opposite the area that was impacted. Coup and contrecoup injuries are associated with cerebral contusion, a type of trauamtic injury in which the brain is bruised. Coup and contrecoup injuries can occur individually or together. When a moving object impacts stationary head coup injuries are typical. While a contrecoup injury is often produced when the moving head strikes a stationary object.

If you or a loved one has been injured through the negligence of another whether in an accident or medical malpractice setting contact the injury specialists at the Law Offices of Galen Gentry for a free, no obligation consultation.  Call 800-486-6814. We will explain your rights, and why we are the right firm for you. (Want to know how we differ from our competition? Click here)

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